The CTA En Banc affirmed the CTA Division’s decision denying the claim of refund of income tax paid by the ADB employees.
Pursuant to the 1965 ADB Charter Agreement, salaries of ADB employees are not subject to tax. However, when the Philippine government ratified the Agreement, it provided for a reservation that it retains the right to tax salaries and emoluments paid by the bank to the Filipino citizens. The BIR issued RMC No. 31-2013 which implements the foregoing rule, which took effect on May 2, 2013.
- The rules should operate prospectively. Since the tax payments being sought to be refunded pertain to taxable year 2013 and BIR’s RMC took effect on May 2, 2013, the income earned are subject to income tax.
- Thus, the taxpayer’s claim for refund was denied (Canzon et. al., v. CIR, CTA EB No 2040, CTA Case No. 9384, July 16, 2020).